The treatments given to people living with HIV are called anti-retrovirals (ARVs), these are drugs developed to control the virus at various stages during its lifecycle.
Different ARVs work on the virus in different ways, so for maximum effect people living with HIV are given combination therapy (cART) usually made up of three or four different drugs at once. These may be prescribed as one pill once a day, or it might be three of four separate pills.
The combination of treatment given depends on which strain of HIV the person has, what other health conditions and medications they may already have, and how it would fit in with their life. Each combination is carefully picked for that person by a HIV specialist.